Sri Lanka & Maldives vACC

Virtual Area Control Centre (VACC)

for Sri Lanka & Maldives Flight Information Regions (FIR)


vACC Maldives

Country at a Glance

The Republic of Maldives is a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean about 417 mi (671 km) southwest of Sri Lanka. Its 1190 coral islets stretch over an area of 35200 sq mi (90000 sq km) separated into a series of coral atolls, is just north of the Equator in the Indian Ocean. Only 200 of the islands are inhabited. Total land area is 116 sq mi (300 sq km).

Maldives has deep blue seas, turquoise reefs, white sandy beaches and palm trees. It is also a place full of character, where its people have long spent their days languishing in the very essence of idyll living. While it is the perfect place to sit on a beach and watch a sunset with a cocktail balanced on your hand, it is also a geographical marvel, knowing that there are thousands of fish swimming around the vivid corals just a few feet away from where you sit.

Many of these tropical atolls and islands are simply gorgeous, with swaying palms, white sandy beaches and deep-blue lagoons; none of the islands rise higher than 7.8 ft. above sea level. These low lying specs of coral are subject to erosion, and stand at the mercy of any sea level rise. Some were severely damaged during the December 2004 Tsunami. With global warming and the shrinking of the polar ice caps, the Maldives is directly threatened.

Time: GMT+5hrs (daylight saving or summer time is not applicable)

Capital Island: Male

VRMM - Male Ibrahim Nasir Intl. Charts

VRMF - Controller Files

Notam 13.12.01          VRMF_CTR position serves both VRMM & VRMG arrivals and departures.

Notam 13.12.07          If you use  VAT-Spy/Servinfo, please update data file as per the instructions here.



VRMM - Local Traffic Regulations

1) Parking Procedures

  • No aircraft stands are available. All aircraft will be guided to the respective parking spots by marshallers. In the absence of marshallers the controller will issue parking instructions on the radio.

2) Taxiing to and from the main apron

  • All aircraft entering and exiting the main apron will be instructed by the controller about the taxiway to be followed. If another taxiway, other than the one allocated is desired, specific ATC clearance is to be obtained.
  • Due to the close proximity of the terminal and other associated building with the manoeuvring area, all aircraft are to avoid making tight turns and using excessive power for taxing to and from the main apron.

3) Flight Procedures

    3.1 Procedures for IFR flights within Male TMA:

The inbound, transit and outbound routes shown on the charts may be varied at the discretion of ATS. If necessary, in case of congestion, inbound aircraft may be instructed to hold at one of the designated airways reporting points.

    3.2 Procedures for VFR flights within Male TMA:

Before conducting any VFR / seaplane flight, the following details must be submitted to ATC with the flight plan.

  • Type of aircraft with callsign
  • Destination or area of operation (Ex: 25 dme, Radial 040 MLE VOR) 
  • Desired altitude
  • Estimated duration of flight
  • Purpose of flight
  • Total endurance

    3.3 All flights (eg: photography, training, aerial survey flights etc.) may be flown at any altitude or flight level below FL200, with ATC approval. 

    3.4 All flights inside or outside of controlled airspace are required to maintain continuous listening watch on the controller's frequency.

    3.5 Standard VFR / seaplane departure (Refer Fig: 1) and arrival (Refer Fig: 2) routes are to be followed, unless instructed by ATC.

    3.6 VFR flights in level cruising flight within TMA below 3000 feet shall be conducted at an altitude specified below:

          Magnetic Heading 000°- 179° > 1000ft, 2000ft. 3000ft
          Magnetic Heading 180°- 359° >   500ft, 1500ft, 2500ft

VRMG - Gan Island Intl. Charts


Gan International Airport (IATA: GAN, ICAO: VRMG) is located on the island of Gan in Addu Atoll (previously known as Seenu Atoll) in the Maldives.

First built by the Royal Navy, and transferred to the Royal Air Force as RAF Gan, it was used as a military airbase during World War II and until 1976. The British handed it over to the Maldives government and then it was used as a domestic airport. Recently the airport has been upgraded to international standards in preparation for international flights with the opening of tourist resorts in the area.

Gan International Airport (GIA) serves as a key tourism gateway to the Republic of Maldives and its luxury beach resorts and dive sites. GIA is situated at the southern tip of the country, and allows international and domestic aircraft movements year-round.

VRMM - Seaplane Operations in Male TMA


4) Introduction
A large seaplane base is located at the eastern side waterfront of VRMM. (Refer Fig: 04) The adjoining lagoon is frequently used by seaplanes for takeoff and landing. These are supplementary procedures applicable to seaplanes landing and taking off at VRMM Airport and other designated landing spots inside the TMA. Pilot in command shall adhere to all Visual Flight Rules and procedures given below.

5) Water Aerodrome at Ibrahim Nasir International Airport
    5.1 Three deep channels in the lagoon represent takeoff/ landing areas.
(Refer Fig: 03)

          i. North-Left/South-Right (NL/SR)

          ii. North-Right/South-Left (NR/SL)

          iii. East/West (E/W)

    5.2 Access to the seaplane maneuvering area is subject to ATC clearance. 
Note: seaplane maneouvering area comprises take-off/landing areas and adjoining channels designated for seaplane taxiing and holding. 

6) Runway in-use
    6.1 Seaplane takeoff and landing direction should as far as practicable coincide with the VRMM runway in-use.
    6.2 Water runway North-Left shall NOT be approved for arrivals.
    6.3 Water runway South-Right shall NOT be approved for departures.

7) Taxi and Takeoff

    7.1 Prior to taxi pilot shall contact Male controller and submit the flight plan information, and obtain the ATC clearance.

    7.2 After takeoff aircraft to remain well clear of the Approach / Takeoff path of VRMM runway 18/36.

Approach: 747 Heavy, traffic is a 777 at your 2 o’clock at 4000 feet.
747 Heavy: Roger, Approach, we have that light twin in sight.


Fig: 3

Fig: 4

Fig: 1

Fig: 2